Female infertility is a condition in which a woman has difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term. It affects approximately 10% of couples and can be caused by a variety of factors. The most common causes of female infertility are ovulation disorders, blocked fallopian tubes, uterine abnormalities, and age-related decline in fertility.
There are usually no symptoms associated with female infertility. However, some women may experience irregular menstrual cycles, a lack of menstrual periods, or difficulty conceiving after a year of trying to become pregnant. Additionally, some women may experience pelvic pain and cramping, which could indicate a more serious underlying issue.
There are a variety of causes of female infertility, including:
1. Ovulation Disorders: Ovulation disorders are the most common cause of female infertility. These disorders can be caused by hormonal imbalances, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or from problems with the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.
2. Blocked Fallopian Tubes: Blocked fallopian tubes can prevent an egg from reaching the uterus and can also prevent sperm from entering the uterus. This can be caused by endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or previous surgery.
3. Uterine Abnormalities: Uterine abnormalities, such as fibroids, can interfere with the implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus. Additionally, the presence of endometriosis can cause scar tissue to form in the uterus, which can interfere with implantation.
4. Age-Related Decline in Fertility: As women age, their fertility declines. This is due to a decrease in the number of healthy eggs that are available for fertilization. Additionally, the quality of the eggs also decreases with age, making it more difficult for a fertilized egg to implant and grow.
The treatment for female infertility depends on the underlying cause. For ovulation disorders, fertility medications may be prescribed to help stimulate ovulation. Additionally, some women may benefit from lifestyle changes, such as eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly.
For blocked fallopian tubes, surgery may be necessary to remove the blockage. Additionally, a procedure called in vitro fertilization (IVF) can be used to bypass the blockage and help a woman become pregnant.
Uterine abnormalities may require surgery to correct the issue. Additionally, some women may benefit from using donor eggs or donor sperm to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy.
For age-related decline in fertility, lifestyle changes may help increase fertility, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Additionally, some women may benefit from using donor eggs or donor sperm to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy.
Medication for Treatment
Folisurge 1200IU Injection contains the active constituent follitropin alfa. It is used to treat the infertility in both women and men. In women it helps to release egg from ovary (ovulation) and develops several follicles (each containing egg) in patients undergoing procedures that may help them get pregnant such as in vitro fertilization and gamete intra-fallopian transfer. In men, it helps to produce sperm. It is not recommended in patients with cancer in brain, breast, womb or ovarian cancer, unexplained vaginal bleeding, early menopause and damaged testicles.
Female infertility is a condition in which a woman has difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term. The causes of female infertility are varied and include ovulation disorders, blocked fallopian tubes, uterine abnormalities, and age-related decline in fertility. The treatment for female infertility depends on the underlying cause and may include fertility medications, lifestyle changes, surgery, or in vitro fertilization.